Friday, October 16, 2009

DIET COMPOSITION OF ANOA (Buballus sp.) USING DIRECT OBSERVATION AND DUNG ANALYSIS METHOD IN THEIR HABITAT TOWARDS ITS BENEFICIAL AS PROSPECTIVE FARM

RI. Pujaningsih1, CI. Sutrisno1, Y. Supriondho1, A. Malik2, Djuwantoko3,

S. Pudyatmoko3, MA. Amir2, S. Aryanto3

1Faculty of Animal Agriculture, Diponegoro University

2Faculty of Agriculture, Tadulako University

3Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University

e-mail: retnoip@telkom.net


ABSTRACT


Anoas are fully protected under Indonesian Law since 1931 (Law of Protection of Wild Animals 1931, no 134). Increasing law enforcement regarding hunting as well as promoting awareness of the anoas unique and threatened existence are important conservation measures. The diet composition of the anoa of the National Park Lore Lindu in Toro Village at district of Kulawi, Central Sulawesi was studied using direct observation and dung analysis. Special aim of the research is hoping that greater understanding of both methods could potentially improve survey accuracy. Based on the research that using the combination method of direct observation and dung analysis, 28 species of vegetation was identified as anoa’s vegetation feed on in situ area. According to its percentage, ten of it were list as Freycinetia insignis Blume (17%), Microlepia todayensis Christ (8,9%), Disoxylum sp (8,6%), Lasianthus clementis Merr (7,7%), Clusia sp (7,5%), Schleria sp (6%), Podocarpus imbricatus (5,4%), Smilax leucophylla (5,1%), Elastostema sp (4,2%), Garcinia sp (3,8%). Value range for protein and crude fiber are (0,6 – 18,86%) with the average value of 8,8% (sd = 4,4) and (8,4 – 37,26%) with the average value of 25,6% (sd = 7,8), respectively. Moisture content is about (65,21 – 94,38%) in average of 80% (sd= 11,7). Furthermore, it can be concluded that anoa was found to eat more leafs and shrubs/bushes (24% respectively) compare to flowers (18%), fruits (12%), young trees (8%), grasses, tubers, young grooves (4% respectively) and moss (2%). Generally, anoa consumes 8,8 % of protein and 25,6 % of crude fibre with 80% of moisture content.

Key words: diet composition, dung analysis, anoa

3 comments:

iamsita said...

mbak Retno kalau scientific blog ku alamatnya ini: http://staff.blog.ui.ac.id/sitares

nining said...

okay... already
" KLIK ..! "

Anonymous said...

finally, I found this article once again. You have few [url=http://tipswift.com]useful tips[/url] for my school project. Now, I won't forget to bookmark it. :)

Notes