R. I. Pujaningsih1), A. Malik2), S. Pudyatmoko3)
1) Fac. of Animal Agriculture, Diponegoro University
2) Fac.of Agriculture, Tadulako University
3) Fac. of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University
Anoa are small buffalo-like animals endemic to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. This species is vulnerable due to its restricted range and the possibility of extinction from several threaths including hunting, habitat loss and possible natural catastrophes. The management and conservation objective is to maintain genetically viable, self-sustaining, free-living Anoa population(s). In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to understand its behaviour both in its in-situ habitat as well in the ex-situ area. The in-situ study area was took place in Lore Lindu National Park of Central Sulawesi which was compared to the report from ex-situ observation of Taman Safari Indonesia Bogor. The behavioural data were collected by direct and indirect observations during wet season. Some references were used to obtain the conclusion of comparison study report. The observations were partly undertaken in the feeding grounds and in the wallowing sites. It can be observed that Anoa could become very agressive during the breeding seasons. Generally, there are no significantly difference behaviour in both observed habitat of Anoa.
Keywords: Anoa, in-situ, ex-situ, behaviour